Calosoma (Calodrepa) wilcoxi LeConte, 1848

Calosoma Wilcoxi LeConte, 1848: 446 (described: a Nov Eboraco (= New York) ad Texas; syntype: Texas and Middle States (Md., Del.,N.Y., N.J., Pa., Conn.?, R.I.?); Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Ma)
Calosoma wilcoxi Breuning, 1927: 165
Calosoma (Calodrepa) wilcoxi Lapouge, 1932: 405
Calodrepa wilcoxi Jeannel, 1940: 78
Calosoma (Calodrepa) wilcoxi Gidaspow, 1959: 251
Calosoma (Calosoma) wilcoxi Erwin, 2007: 107

Length 17-22 mm. C. wilcoxi, on average, has smaller dimensions when compared to all the other species collected in Calodrepa. Superficially, because of the color and shape of the body, may seem like a small C. scrutator but is distinct because it is the only species of the group that has the metatrochanters bearing a seta and straight, or at most slightly arcuate, male mesotibiae. Two aberrant specimens of C. wilcoxi, having the upperbody dark blue-black instead of the typical metallic green. were collected in Texas, McLennan County, and published by Ray & al. (2016).
According to Gidaspow (1959: 251) and Erwin (2007: 107), C. wilcoxi ranges across most of the United States from the Atlantic coast to California but it is more abundant in the eastern states. It is found in Ontario and Quebec (in this last case probably only as an occasional visitor) down to Texas, but it has never been recorded from Mexico. Following its importation as a potential agents of biological control in Hawaii, C. wilcoxi (with the other imported american species: C. frigidum, C. calidum, C. semilaeve, C. simplex, C. peregrinator, C. marginale) has been cited as part of the entomological fauna of the Islands (http://www2.bishopmuseum.org /HBS/checklist).

Examined specimens and literature’s data
Canada. Ontario: Leamington (BIOUG), Rouge Park (UASM), Quebec (Bousquet, 2012: 232)
United States. Illinois: Peoria county, Peoria (EM, SB), McDonough county, Macomb (UASM), Jackson county, Carbondale (OSUC), Champaign County (http://bugguide.net/); Kansas: Crawford, 3 mi NE Pittsburg (SEMC), Johnson County (http://bugguide.net/); Kentucky: Rockcastle Co. (OSUC), Christian county (UASM); Louisiana: Saint John the Baptist Parish, Saint Tammany Parish (Bousquet, 2012: 232); Maryland: Allegany county, 2ml W Pawlings (EM), Dorchester Co., Baltimore City (www.marylandbiodiversity.com); Michigan: Washtenaw Co., Ann Arbor (OSUC); Missouri: Columbia (EM), Taney Co., Branson (OSUC); Nebraska: Namaha county, Brownville (SB), Sarpy county, Bellevue (SB), Lincoln (EM); New Hampshire: Rockingham county (Bousquet, 2012: 232); New Jersey: Atlantic Co., Atlantic City (OSUC); New York: Suffolk county, East Hampton, Long Island (EM), Cape May Co., (OSUC), Queens County (http://bugguide.net/); New Mexico: Cibola County (http://bugguide.net/); Ohio: Lake Co., Mentor (OSUC), Hamilton Co. (OSUC), Adams Co. (OSUC), Wayne Co. (OSUC), Clifton (OSUC), Columbus (OSUC), Franklin Co., Blendon Twp. (OSUC), Delaware Co. (OSUC), Ashtabula Co., Ashtabula, (OSUC); Oklahoma: Pontotoc County (http://bugguide.net/); Tennessee: Lake county, Reelfoot Lake (UASM), Chester County, (http://bugguide.net/); Texas: Brazora county (Bousquet, 2012: 232); Brazos county, College Station, (OSUC, SB), Brown County, Travis County, (http://bugguide.net/), McLennan County (Ray & al., 2016); Virginia: Richmond, Bryan Park (SEMC); Washington, DCA (UASM); West Virginia, Morgan County (http://bugguide.net/); Wisconsin: Lafayette County (http://bugguide.net/), La Crosse, Racine, Richland, Winnebago (Messer, 2009: 33)

Notes: Winged, diurnal as well nocturnal and attracted to light at night. Adults in great number were observed while feeding upon species of Geometrid caterpillar. Active individuals were captured from April to June (on the basis of the material examined), that is also the coupling period, or all year round according to Erwin (2007: 107), but adults sometime are found overwintering in small cavities in the ground.
There is no explicit dedication of this species and it is difficult to identify the person which the name “Wilcoxi” refers to. However, in other publications of the author, there are some references to a “Mr. Willcox” who gave him various beetles of Illinois.
A brief description of larval stages can be found in Burgess & Collins (1917: 41).

Calosoma (Calodrepa) wilcoxi
LeConte, 1848
United States: Texas, Brazos county, College Station, 10 april 78
Calosoma (Calodrepa) wilcoxi
LeConte, 1848
United States: Texas, Brazos county, College Station, 10 april 78
Calosoma (Calodrepa) wilcoxi
LeConte, 1848
United States: Texas, McLennan County, Waco, Baylor University Campus, April 1, 2012 (coll. Matthias Seidel)
Calosoma (Calodrepa) wilcoxi
LeConte, 1848
United States: Texas, McLennan County, Waco, Baylor University Campus, April 1, 2012 (coll. Matthias Seidel)

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